Wednesday, August 17, 2016


A month ago today, I lived out a peculiar life-long dream of standing on Cleveland's Public Square to deliver a speech.  The opportunity arose in conjunction with the Republican National Convention, when the City of Cleveland announced a "Speaker's Platform" would be constructed in the heart of downtown, to allow any citizen to pull a permit to speak for half an hour, respectable amplification provided.

A few days before, I received a phone message from a misguided Time Magazine reporter, asking to call back and talk about "what my group was protesting."  In truth,  I had no idea how I'd fill the time allotted, but my agenda was so nuanced and personal that I never called back; clearly, it would be a speech that did not conform to the reporter's preconceived notions.  Or anyone else's, for that matter.  My wife and several friends probed, but I was circumspect.  How could I explain a speech that I hadn't yet delivered?

Public speaking is, as they say, second nature to me.  Perhaps, it's first nature, if there is such a thing:  I deliver speeches in public nearly every day as a public defender in the courtrooms of Cleveland, often impassioned pleas for justice and/or mercy for the impoverished criminally accused, nuggets of persuasion crafted for a particular client and audience (i.e., a judge or jury).  Speeches with lofty purpose, emanating from Constitutional foundations, with a singular goal of effective Assistance of Counsel.  But the speech I would deliver at 10:15 a.m. on July 18, 2016, in the newly-transformed Public Square would, instead, be, singularly, for me.

I had in mind something grand and unusual: an oratory triptych composed of three distinguishable parts, like a garish Hieronymus Bosch painting sliced into thirds, filled with strange, novel ideas.  But while Bosch's crazed visages were tethered by spiritual awakenings, mine would be tethered by principles of free speech, of pubic service, and a love of Cleveland.

I began the speech as I promised myself I would: "HELLO, CLEVELAND!", a cinematic allusion that, to me, sounds preposterously funny though a public address system.  I improvised an introduction, calling for peace in the streets of Cleveland as the volatile Republican clown car passed through town. I talked of my admiration for the new layout of Public Square, emphasizing the placement of statues of Tom Johnson and Moses Cleaveland, now locked in an eternal staring contest (duel?), with two very distinct agendas of their own: Johnson, the beloved turn of the century mayor whose public service inspired, versus Cleaveland, the surveyor and private profiteer who "discovered" and founded the city on Lake Erie but took no part in its future.

Somehow, I started riffing on The Poseidon Adventure, and how Shelly Winters' Mrs. Rosen fulfills the same role as Bing Bong in Disney's Inside-Out. In retrospect, i think the point seemed to be that I was Gene Hackman leading a brave troupe through an upside down world.  ("Don't listen to that old priest who looks like Jack Albertson! He's headed the wrong way!")  HA!  Perhaps my words would right the Poseidon after all.

Then, I began the speech in earnest. (Borgnine?)  I promised a poetic benediction that would also offer riddles to hidden locations in Cleveland. I mentioned psychogeography and geocaching:  "It's like Pokemon Go, except with cool places for the clever listener to discover."  And so the first third of my oratory triptych began:

Annunciation: Clevelandia

The world is recreated
a billion times a day
by Google maps
and Jesus traps
and souls above the fray.

These words are scored in stone
upon the rocky shore:
"He is faithful."
"He is faithful,"
is what the words implore.

The water washes sins away
as hands and face we clean,
Greek palindrome
in church tiles' waxen glean.

The weighted Dame leans overburdn'd
by Clair and Lakeside door.
her scales are tipped,
unjustily gripped,
which makes her feel a whore.

The Thinker and his Shadow
are never far apart,
tho Shadow's feet
and his don't meet
upon the stairs to art.

The freedoms, four, are buried here
beneath this hallowed ground.
from: fear and want,
of: speech and faith,
feed flowers more profound.

I made clear to my audience that each of the five last stanzas leads to a very important place in Cleveland, "not a scavenger hunt, but a spiritual hunt" with rewards commensurate with their discovery.

*  *  *  *  *

I moved on to the centerpiece of my speech: a transcription of a favorite closing argument in what may be my only true "First Amendment win" in front of a jury:


"Closing argument, Mr. Bloomsday?" the judge asks.

Bloomsday pushes himself up from the chair next to his client, and asks to approach the bench. He quietly requests to take one of the individually wrapped peppermints she's been offering the jury throughout the trial. "Of, course," she says. He picks one out of the dish, holds it up, approaches the jury, and sets the mint down on the front of the juror's box with mysterious flourish.

"Ladies and gentlemen, I really have an eye toward the clock here. And if I've appeared to be long-winded, I'm going to do my best not to be, now. I'm not even going to bring in the dry erase board and do my famous Dick Goddard impression of doing my weather map, here. I'm just going to talk to you.

"I mean, what I want to do in the next -- I'd say, hopefully, 10 to 15 minutes, maybe less, is give you -- what's the word...a mental blueprint of how I think you should rule on what you endured for the past couple of days, here.

"Let's, first of all, start with the burden of proof. Understand, this is not a fender-bender, this is not a civil action where you listen to both sides and decide which one you like better. This is a criminal case. And in a criminal case, I have no burden of proof. The defendant has no burden of proof. I don't have to prove anything. All I have to do is convince you that the City has failed to meet their burden of proof. The defendant and I could sit over there, and look at pictures of herself, or do a crossword puzzle. If they haven't met their burden of proof, your verdict must be not guilty. So, I just want to be clear about that with you.

"I also want to be clear -- and we talked about it initially -- this notion of what is the burden of proof? And that burden, as the court has explained, is evidence of guilt that is beyond a reasonable doubt.  And what that means is that the City has to prove each and every essential element in a manner that satisfies you.  It's the nature and quality of evidence that you would rely upon in the most important of your own personal affairs.  That's the definition as you heard once before, and you'll probably hear again from the judge, that evidence of guilt is proof beyond a reasonable doubt.

"So, that's the preliminaries.  If you don't follow those two steps, then you have violated your oath -- let's put it that way -- and you have sworn to God that you would, individually and collectively, follow those steps in your deliberations.

"There's really two broad points that I wanted to make here.  One is, I should say preliminarily, I don't pick my clients.  They come to me.  And you may find my client annoying, or whatever, or eccentric, but that's beside the point.  It really is. The point is, has the City met it's burden of proof?

"But I have to tell you that -- my personal situation leads me to say something went really, really wrong here.  And I think we could hinge that moment as the moment when someone from The Plain Dealer gives my client their home phone number.  No one is on trial for that.  I'm not suggesting that somehow she wasn't doing anything other than trying to be accomodating.  But it clearly unhinged the situation in a way that, you know, we've had to endure.  But for that moment, I think, maybe we wouldn't be here because as one of the prosecution witnesses testified to, there was a better way to do this, I suppose, in their mind, and that is to just delete the voicemail messages and not bother responding.

"It may come as a surpise to know that I've been involved in criminal cases even since I was a child, and that's because my father was a criminal defense lawyer, too.  And I would have to tell you something really peculiar about my childhood, and here we go.

"My father represented a horrible defendant, a rapist, who had raped little children.  And the mother of that defendant, circa 1970's or whatever, '76, 77, used to call our home, repeatedly, every night.  But back in the '70's if you remember, the way the phone worked was a lot different.  If someone called you, back in the 70's, and you hung up on them, if you picked up your phone again, you still couldn't make an outgoing call. You couldn't call out again until the other party hung up. At least, that's the way our phone worked.

"So, the only way, in our house, that we could deal with this problem with this lady calling, rambling  this, just, you know, hate infused speech toward my father, was to set the phone down on the kitchen counter, and just let her talk until she was done.  And, you know, it kind of became a joke, frankly, I'm seven or eight years old.  And here is this lady, screaming on the other end of this phone, you know, complete nonsense.  I mean, accusatory and saying horrible things about my father and family and whatever.  But the fact of the matter is that my father's response was just give her her due, let her speak, and she will get tired, and that's the end of that.

"Well, that's been sticking in my head through this trial.  And it's because of the newspaper's response to what happened here -- I have made no bones about the fact that I think that the editorial board of The Cleveland Plain Dealer that is, for all intents and purposes, collectively and/or individually and/or jointly and severally the victim in this case, that's important to this case.

"It's not someone calling any one of you, individually, hundreds of times.  It is someone who is calling what I think has been described as, you know, the last bastion of free speech in our society, at least in Cleveland, as it relates to a newspaper.  But the fact of the matter is she's calling the highest point in the dissemination of ideas in our society.  And I would say that that should go into your deliberations of whether she's guilty of harassing The Cleveland Plain Dealer by filling up their voicemail message boxes ranting about corruption, reform, and our city's only newspapers hand in those matters.  I don't know how, but I think it is relevant.  And I think that, somehow, this thing spiralled out of control for no other reason than somebody got scared that this lady was going to do something harmful.  Is it relevant to your determination that my client never once, according to the testimony of the prosecution, called that employee's home phone number that the employee gave my client in some strange attempt to coax my client to provide her own?  I think it is.

"I think it suddenly directs my client's efforts in a way that dovetails with the other part of this that I wanted to talk to you about.  And that is the elements of the offense.  I made it clear throughout this trial that, when you consider the elements of the offense of telephone harassment, the word "sole" or "solely" is important.  And I don't know if you are going to get any special definition of "sole," but as a practical matter, we're talking about "only."  Theonly purpose that she made those dozens, maybe hundreds of calls was to break the law.

"And I gotta tell you, I do have a dispute with my client about one point.  That is, she says that this statute that she's charged with is unconstitutional.  I say it's not.  I say it is constitutional.  I say this statute doesn't interfere with free speech.  This statute doesn't impact someone's First Amendment rights because of the word "sole."

"If I call you a hundred times to let you know that you sold me a lemon car, Mr. Used Car Salesman, and I want my money back, that's not for the sole purpose of harassing somebody. It's for another purpose, it's for an additional purpose.  And I'm not going to spend much more time trying to tell you what that purpose was.  You could divine whatever purposes you heard in this testimony from her.

"But I would submit to you that the City has failed in its burden of proof to prove each and every essential element, specifically, that she made these phone calls solely to harass these people.  She did it because she needed to express herself in a way that, you know, maybe a psychologist would say is deeply rooted in that letter to the editor that she sent to The Cleveland Press and got published way back in her childhood.  Who cares? That's beside the point.

"The point is that the City did not prove to you that the only reason she called these people was to harass them.

"Now, I think I'm about to make history here as it relates to my time limit, here.  And I believe it comes to this."  Bloomsday picks up the individually wrapped peppermint that he set on the jury box moments ago.  "Do you know what this is?"  He holds it up.  "This is a mint.  And I'm going to make a million dollars with a new idea called The First Amend Mint.  They give you fresh breath while you harass and annoy others around you!

"And I ask that when you return your verdict, that you have that First Amend Mint on your breath." Bloomsday sets the mint back down in front of the jurors.  "Thank you for your time."

He walks back to the defense table and falls into his chair.  The prosecutor gives his close, but Bloomsday isn't listening.  His work is done.  He closes his eyes as the judge instructs the jury.  As the jury leaves the courtroom to begin its deliberations, Bloomsday stands up and instructs his client to do the same.  He glances over and sees that the mint is now gone.

*  *  *  *  *

Finally, I took to the third and final part of the speech: a strange blend of literary analysis and confessional about my experiences in the courtrooms of Cleveland:

A Descent Into The Maelstrom

My favorite story by Edgar Allen Poe is a surprisingly harrowing tale about the force of Nature. No supernatural plot point, no plunging the depths of human depravity. It's a story about brothers caught in a whirlpool off the Norwegian coast. There's a narration trick, for starters. The initial protagonist becomes a mere listener for the remainder of the story, after he visits the site of a notorious recurring maelstrom with one of it's only survivors.

The description of the watery destruction scrapes my psyche for some reason. Perhaps it's the absence of villain, the futility of escape, the visage of ships and brothers disappearing into the vast, unstoppable watery swirl. It's unlike any other scary story I've ever read.

But there's more. There's a solution to a puzzle, a mystery solved, that saves the life of the storyteller. Suffice to say that modern concepts of pattern recognition and situational awareness are keys to survival. That, and choosing the right piece of wood in the churning sea to hold onto.

I often think of the story as I stand in the center of the crowded, seething, stinking courtrooms of the Poverty Capital of America, where I beg for justice and mercy for the poor, as my father did before me before he died of a liquor-soaked, broken heart. I clutch the podium provided, and hang on for survival.

I watch for patterns in the behaviors of judges and prosecutors and cops and clients. I pay attention to the cameras and microphones and watch my every word. I note the presence of people in the gallery behind me, I expect they are gauging my persuasion, my character, with each poor meat patty in the prison/industrial complex fast food restaurant I represent, until it's their turn to stand with me at the podium.

I think of my own solution to the puzzle, my own mystery solved, that grants me an almost beatific buoyancy amid the swirling eddy of despair and prejudice and ignorance and addiction and incompetence and corruption that nearly engulfs me each day.

The solution is this: Courtroom Classroom Theater Church. And I have wisely chosen the right piece of wood.

*  *  *  *  *

So, that was the speech I delivered on Public Square, a dream fulfilled.  Let the record books note, I was the first speaker scheduled to address the crowd during those tense and tumultuous days in Cleveland.  At least, the first speaker scheduled who wasn't arrested.

I hope both Hieronymus and Hackman would be proud.